Judicial GK Questions and Answers

1. Which is the highest and final judicial tribunal in respect of the Constitution of India? – Supreme Court
2. What is meant by ‘Court of Record’ ? – The court that preserves all its records
3. Which is true about the Supreme Court ? – It is the highest federal court of India
4. From which fund are the salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court drawn? – Consolidated Fund
5. A Judge of the Supreme Court of India is to hold office until he attains the age of howmany years? – 65 years
6. Under which act was the Supreme Court set up? – Regulating Act
7. Which Judge of the Supreme Court was unsuccessfully sought to be impeached? – Justice Ramaswami
8. What does the power of judicial review ensure? – The constitutionality of laws
9. In which country did the concept of Public Interest Litigation originated? – The United States

10. Which amendment curtailed the power of Judicial review of the Supreme Court and the High Courts? – 42th

11. For the enforcement of Fundamental Rights, what can the Supreme Court do? – It may issue a writ
12. Which writ is issued by the court in’ case of illegal detention of a person? – Habeas Corpus
13. Under the writ of ‘Mandamus’, Court do? – If can direct the Government to do or not to do a thing
14. Which writ is a bulwark of personal freedom? – Habeas Corpus
15. Which writ may be issued to enforce a Fundamental Right? – Habeas Corpus
16. What is the total number of High Courts in India at present? – 24
17. What is the age of retirement of the Judges of the High Court? – 62 years
18. By whom the oath to a High Court Judge is administered? – Governor
19. When can the salaries of High Court judges be reduced? – During a Financial Emergency
20. By whom are the Chief Justice and other Judges of the High Court are appointed? – President
21. At where were the High Courts in India first started? – Bombay, Madras, Calcutta
22. Who decides the number of Judges in a High Court? – President
23. Which High Court has the Territorial Jurisdiction over Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Calcutta
24. With which does the power to extend or restrict the jurisdiction of the High Court rest? – With the Parliament
25. A Judge of a High Court wanting to resign addresses his letter of resignation to whom? – The President
26. From which fund is the pension of a High Court Judge charged? – Consolidated Fund of India
27. Which High Court has jurisdiction over the State of Arunachal Pradesh? – Gauhati High Court
28. Which is the only Union Territory that has a High Court of its own? – Delhi
29. Which jurisdiction of the Indian Judiciary covers Public Interest’ Litigation? – Epistolary Jurisdiction
30. By whom are the Salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court determined? – Parliament
31. Which Article of the Constitution permits the Supreme Court to review its own judgement or order? – Article 137
32. Who has the right to transfer any case anywhere in India? – Supreme Court
33. The disputes regarding the election of the President and the Vice-President of India are decided by which body? – Supreme Court
34. Which court in India is/are known as the Court(s) of Records? – The High Courts and Supreme Court
35. Who has the right to seek advisory opinion of he Supreme Court of India, on any question of law? – President
36. Acting Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in India is appointed by which officer? – President
37. In the supreme Court of India the, what is number of Judges including the Chief Justice? – 31
38. Who is the final authority to interpret the Constitution? – The Supreme Court
39. How many types of writs can be issued by the Supreme Court? – 5
40. What makes the Judiciary the guardian of the Constitution? – Judicial Review

41. Who holds the power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court? – Parliament
42. What is true for Indian Judicial System? – It is an independent institution
43. What is correct about the Supreme Court regarding its judgement? – It can change the judgement
44. Which Chief Justices of India acted as the President of India also? – Justice M. Hidayatullah
45. A judge of Supreme Court of India holds office till he attains the age of howmany year? – 65 years
46. Who is authorised to transfer the judges of one High Court to another High Court? – The President
47. A High Court Judge addresses his letter of resignation to which officer? – The President
48. Which High Court has the largest number of Benches? – Guwahati High Court
49. Who was the first High/Supreme Court Judge, That voluntarily made public his assets,? – Justice K. Kannan