Indian Polity Notes for UPSC, SSC, Bank, State Civil Services

1. What does the special status of Jammu and Kashmir imply? – A separate Constitution
2. Which was the first woman Governor of a State in free India? – Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
3. Which subject was transferred from State List to Concurrent List by the 42nd amendment of the Constitution? – Education
4. Which was an associate State of India before becoming a full fledged State? – Sikkim
5. Up to howmuch age can the Members of the Union Public Service Commission function? – 65 years
6. The Centre-State financial distribution takes place on the recommendation by which ministry? – Finance Minister
7. What is the source of maximum income to Panchayati Raj? – Government grants
8. What is the intermediate tier of the Panchayati Raj System called? – Panchayat Samiti
9. Of all the Amendments in the Indian Constitution, which was the most Comprehensive and Controversial Amendment? – 42nd
10. What is the document published by the government to apprise the public on any issue? – White Paper

11. In which year was the Constituent Assembly which framed the Constitution for Independent India set up? – 1946
12. Which Act formally introduced the principles of elections for the first time? – Indian Councils Act, 1909
13. Who proposed the Preamble before the Drafting Committee of the Constitution ? – Jawaharlal Nehru
14. The President of the Indian Union has the same constitutional authority as which country? – British Monarch
15. What does the Preamble of our Constitution contin? – The spirit of the Constitution
16. Under which Article of the Constitution are the Cultural and Educational Rights granted? – Article 29 and 30
17. Which can impose reasonable restrictions on the Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens? – Parliament
18. In which does the subject of Co-operative Societies fall? – Concurrent List
19. During the proclamation of National Emergency which articles can not be suspended? – Articles 20 and 21
20. The five year term of the President is calculated from which day? – The day he assumes charge
21. By whom are the portfolios allocated to the ministers? – The Prime Minister
22. To whom are the Ministers individually responsible? – The President
23. Which House is better placed with regard to control over the executive? – Lok Sabha
24. Who has the final power to maintain order within the House of People ? – Speaker
25. How many times can the President of India return a Non-money Bill, passed by Parliament? – Once
26. How many times was the term of the Lok Sabha extended upto 6 years? – Once
27. For the enforcement of Fundamental Rights, what can the Supreme Court do? – It may issue a writ
28. A Judge of a High Court wanting to resign addresses his letter of resignation to whom? – The President
29. In India, with which does the power to increase the number of Judges in the-Supreme Court lies? – The Parliament of India
30. Which One feature is distinguishing the Rajya Sabha from the vidhan Parishad? – Indirect election
31. To which do the residuary powers of legislation in case of Jammu and Kashmir belong? – The State Legislature
32. When was the Madras State renamed Tamil Nadu? – 1969
33. Where is In the Constitution of India, the word ‘Federal’ used? – Nowhere
34. Which is an extra Constitutional and non-statutory body? – Planning Commission
35. During whose pleasure does teh Attorney General of India hold office? – President
36. After howmuch time are the elections to Panchayats are to be held? – Every five years
37. For which period does Mayor of a Municipal Corporation hold the office? – 1 year
38. Which post does the Constitution of India not mention? – The Deputy Prime Minister
39. Which language is Next to Hindi spoken by the largest number of people in the Indian subcontinent? – Bengali
40. Which States has granted Sanskrit language the status of the second official language of the State? – Uttarakhand

41. In whom did the Government of India Act, 1935 veste the residuary power? – Governor-General
42. The Indian Constitution has borrowed the ideas of Preamble from the constitution of which country? – Constitution of USA
43. Who decides about the reasonableness of the restrictions placed on Fundamental Rights? – Courts
44. If the President wants to resign from office, he may do so by writing to whom? – Vice-President
45. For whose removal Parliament’s resolution is not needed? – Judge of Supreme Court
46. What does the power of judicial review ensure? – The constitutionality of laws
47. Ministers in a State get salaries, by whom is it as determined? – State Legislature
48. Howmany subjects are in the Union List? – 97 subjects
49. Who is the highest Law Officer of a State? – Advocate General
50. A Municipal Corporation is set up in a city with howmuch population of not less than? – 10 lakh