Indian History Notes for UPSC, SSC, Bank, State Civil Services

1. Who was the founder of the French East India Company? – Colbert
2. Where was the Arya Samaj setup for the first time in 1875 ? – Bombay
3. Who founded the Banaras Hindu University? – Madan Mohan Malviya
4. What was the greatest invention of man in Palaeolithic Age? – Fire
5. Which was the main characteristic of the later Vedic age? – Caste system
6. By whom were the triratnas were stressed? – Mahavira
7. In which battle Porus was defeated by Alexander? – Hydaspes
8. What was the script used in the earliest Tamil inscriptions? – Brahmi
8. Who earned the title of a 'Liberator' ? – Ashoka
10. Nalanda University flourished during the reign of which ruler? – Harsha

11. Who was the first Muslim ruler in India? – Muhammad Ghori
12. Who was contemporary of Namdev? – Sena
13. By whom was the coin rupia first issued? – Sher Shah
14. Which rulers fought the fourth Anglo-Mysore in which he was killed? – Tipu Sultan
15. Which is the oldest surviving newspaper in India? – Bombay Samachar
16. Who was called by the British rulers as the leader of Indian unrest? – Bal Gangadhar Tilak
17. Where has the use of plough been evidenced? – Kalibangan
18. In Rigvedic society, which was unknown? – Child marriage
19. In which state had Gautama Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvan? – Malia
20. Tradition has it that By whom was Ajatasatru instigated to murder his father? – Devadatta
21. Which language was used in the literature of Sangam period? – Tamil
22. The King Kanishka held a great Buddhist Council under whose presidentship ? – Vasurnitra
23. Which ports handled the north Indian trade during the Gupta period? – Broach
24. With which man Al Beruni came to India? – Mahmud of Ghazni
25. Which pioneer was in preaching Nirguna Bhakti in medieval India? – Ramananda
26. Of whom was Tulsidas was a contemporary? – Akbar
27. Which was the first English ship that came to India? – Red Dragon
28. Which was the capital of the kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh? – Lahore
29. Who is associated with the Local Self- Government Act? – Ripon
30. Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra Pandurang ? – Tatiya Tope
31. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in which year? – 1889
32. The capital of India was shifted to Delhi during which reign? – Hardinge
33. In which nomad man started settling? – Neolithic Age
34. Upanishads, also known as the Vedantas, are How many are these upanishads? – 108
35. who was the last of the 24th Jain Tirthankaras? – Mahavira
36. Of which influence does the sculptures of the Gandhara school reflect? – Greeks
37. In which year did Ashoka the Great conquered Kalinga? – 261 B.C.
38. During which time was Gandhara school of art developed? – Mauryas
39. What do the Ajanta paintings depict? – scenes from the Jatakas
40. Who laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire ? – Dantidurga

41. Which region of northern India was not included in the empire of Ala-ud-din Khalji ? – Kashmir
42. During the reign of Iltutmish which was a silver coin in use? – Tanka
43. Who said, “Ram and Rahim are the two different name of the same God” ? – Kabir
44. During which reign was the Purana Qila constructed? – Sher Shah
45. Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’? – Guru Hargovind
46. When did the British Govt. start ruling India directly? – After Sepoy Mutiny
47. What was the original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati? – Mula Shankar
48. In which was Rani Lakshmi Bai died fighting the British? – Kalpi
49. Ancient Monuments Preservation Act was passed during which Viceroyality? – Curzon
50. In which year did Annie Besant enjoy the President ship of the INC? – 1917

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