General knowledge Questions and Answers

Statement and Assumptions Questions with Answers MCQ of reasoning are very useful in Management (CAT, MAT), IBPS (PO and Clerk), SSC, SBI, LIC and other competitive exams.

Directions : In each of the question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give your answer as
(a) if only assumption I is implicit
(b) if only assumption II is implicit
(c) if either I or II is implicit
(d) if neither I nor implicit
(e) if both I and II are implicit



1. Statement : It is desirable to put the child in the school at the age of 5 years or so.
Assumptions : I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to lean.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

2. Statement : “You must learn to refer to a dictionary if you want to become a good writer” – A advises B.
Assumptions : I. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
II. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.

3. Statement : Government aided schools should have uniformity in charging various fees.
Assumptions : I. The Government’s subsidy comes from the money collected by way of taxes from people.
II. The Government, while giving subsidy, may have stipulated certain uniform conditions regarding fees.

4. Statement : Everybody loves reading adventure stories.
Assumptions : I. Adventure stories are the only reading material.
II. Nobody loves reading any other material.

5. Statement : A warning in a train compartment – “To stop train pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs 500.”
Assumptions : I. Some people misuse the chain.
II. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

6. Statement : “If we need to boost our exports, we can’t ignore our ports”. An economic analyst.
Assumptions : I. Our ports are in a good shape.
II. Our ports are not in good shape.

7. Statement : A good manager must draw the utmost from each worker.
Assumptions : I. It is possible to get the maximum from each worker.
II. Managers are expected to get the best from their workers.

8. Statement : If you offer peanuts, you get only monkeys.
Assumptions : I. I money is not a good motivation.
II. Money can’t buy everything.

9. Statement : “We need to appoint more teachers”– Principal informs the school staff.
Assumptions : I. Teachers are available.
II. Present teachers are not good.

10. Statement : “Buy pure and natural honey of company ‘X’– An advertisement in a newspaper.
Assumptions : I. Artificial honey can be prepared.
II. People don’t mind paying more for pure and natural honey.

11. Statement : The target of a fiscal deficit of 5% of GDP could not be met because of major shortfall in revenue collection.
Assumptions : I. Shortfall in revenue collection leads to an increase in fiscal deficit.
II. Shortfall in revenue collection leads to a decrease in fiscal deficit.

12. Statement : Every year doctors, scientists and engineers migrate from India to greener pastures.
Assumptions : I. Brain-drain has affected India adversely.
II. Better scales and better standards of living act as a bait to lure them.

13. Statement : If you don’t get desired response to your fund-raising campaigns through the routine advertisements appeal to the public’s regional sentiments.
Assumptions : I. People in general nurture regional sentiments.
II. Nobody bothers to read advertisements in the newspaper.

14. Statement : It is not always true that adoption of sophisticated technology increases production and efficiency.
Assumptions : I. Adoption of sophisticated technology is not a difficult thing to achieve.
II. Production and efficiency can be increased by getting rid of sophisticated technology.

15. Statement : If children are to manage our world in future, then they need to be equipped to do so.
Assumptions : I. The world has always educated children.
II. It is possible to educate children.



ANSWER
1. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit as nothing can be said definitely.
2. (b) Assumption I is not related with the statement, hence is not implicit in the statement. Assumption II is implicit as it gives the solid base for the fact defined in the statement.
3. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit as each assumption lacks valid premises.
4. (e) It is clear that penalty will be imposed for improper use, hence it is clear that some people misuse the chain, hence assumptions I and II, both are implicit.
5. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
6. (e) Both the assumptions are clearly implicit in the statement.
7. (d) None of the assumption is related with the statement, and hence, not implicit in the statement.
8. (a) School requires more teachers. It is assumed in the light of statement that teachers are available but it cannot be said that present staff of teachers is not good. Hence, only assumption I is implicit.
9. (a) Since the advertisement vouches for pure and natural honey, hence it is assumed that artificial honey can be prepared. However, assumption II is not based on the statement.
10. (a) Clearly, the statement is based on the assumption that shortfall in revenue collection leads to an increase in fiscal deficit, Hence, assumption I is implicit.
11. (b) The statement is based on the assumption that lucrative offers tempt the scientists to migrate abroad. Hence, only assumption II is implicit.
12. (a) It is assumed in the light of statement that people nurture regional sentiments, Assumption II is not implicit because fund-raising is also expected from appeal through advertisements.
13. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
14. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
15. (d) None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement